Soda Blaster Instructions for ALC™ Abrasive Blast Units
Before You Begin
IMPORTANT NOTE: This conversion should only be performed by those with a good working knowledge of pneumatic fittings. Failure to properly seal or over tightening the NPT fittings can lead to component failure which could result in sudden air pressure release and cause serious injury.
PLEASE OBSERVE THE FOLLOWING SAFETY PRECAUTIONS:
- - Always wear full eye, hearing, skin and respiratory protection when operating the Eastwood Soda Blasting Retrofit Kit™.
- Dust may irritate or damage eyes and respiratory system, noise emissions may damage hearing and abrasive material ejected at high pressure can cause injury.
REQUIRED SAFETY EQUIPMENT INCLUDES:
- A NIOSH N95 or equivalent approved dust mask.
- Safety goggles or blasting hood.
- Hearing protection.
- Canvas, heavy rubber or leather abrasive blasting long gloves.
Although the Bicarbonate of Soda (Baking Soda) blasting media itself is safe in most situations, appropriate care should be taken when using or disposing as some removed paints and coatings may contain some levels of hazardous materials such as lead, zinc chromate, etc. Additional protection may be required in the presence of these substances.
- Read, fully understand and refer to the main Instruction Manual supplied with your Abrasive Blasting Unit fully before beginning this conversion and operation.
- Keep people, children, pets, and valuable property away from nozzle discharge to avoid injury or unwanted damage.
- Be sure to release all pressure and drain remaining media from Abrasive Blaster if present, before beginning conversion process.
The media will flow from the threaded hole on the underside of the tank when the existing fitting assembly is removed.
- Refer to the specific safety and operation information in the instruction manual included with your Pressure Blaster before continuing.
- 1. Carefully fill the unit per Blaster Instructions using a screen sifter and funnel. Note: a suitable screen sifter such as an Eastwood Blast Media Sifter Screen#22022 must be used to capture any clumps present in the bag of media.
- 2. Close all four valves and connect the air supply. DO NOT EXCEED 125 PSI. For best results, begin with a blaster inlet pressure of 80 to 90 PSI. To avoid media clumping or caking, be certain to have a clean, moisture free air supply that includes an effective moisture filter or desiccant system.
- 3. Pull up on the fill lid and open the Inlet Air Supply Valve slowly and carefully while checking for leakage.
- 4. Slowly open the Throttling Valve (Fig. 1) to the 1⁄2 position while checking for leakage. Note: This valve will require fine tuning to provide optimal media flow based on media formulation, air pressure and desired volume.
- 5. Slowly open the Media Flow Valve to the full position while checking for leakage.
- 6. You may now direct the nozzle toward your work and depress the Nozzle Discharge Lever. Note: Some slow, pulsing discharges of media can be expected until the flow begins.
- 7. Once a steady flow of media is observed, begin by holding the nozzle 6” to 12” from the work surface at a 30-45 degree angle for best results.
- 8. Hold the stream against the work until it abrades through the coating revealing an edge.
- 9. Use the stream as a “wedge” working at the edge to quickly remove the coating.
- 10. At this point you can vary the position of the Throttling Valve (Fig. 3) from the initial 1/2 open starting setting to achieve an optimum air/media ratio. Note: As there are many variables affecting the flow such as media formulation, hardness of coating, air volume, air pressure and atmospheric conditions, this process requires a bit of “trial and error” by experimenting with distance, angle and throttle position. You will quickly become proficient at determining the ideal settings.
- When refilling the tank becomes necessary, first shut off the Inlet Air Supply Valve, The Throttle Valve and The Flow Valve. For safety, disconnect the air supply. Next, open the Purge Valve to release all tank pressure. You may then refill per filling instructions in your users manual.
- It is advisable to drain all unused media when completing work as any moisture present in the tank will drain to the bottom of the tank and can create a solid “cake” with the media, requiring complete disassembly of the apparatus at the bottom of the tank. Note: Failure to properly seal or over tightening fittings can lead to component failure which could result in sudden air pressure release and cause serious injury.
- To drain unused media from the tank, place the open end of The Clear Purge Hose into a suitable vessel such as a large bucket or box with closed seams and cover with a blanket. Using extreme care, slowly open the Purge Valve and direct the stream of media into the vessel.
- The most common problem encountered with Soda Blasting is clumping of media due to moisture contamination. If media stops flowing, stop all work and “burp” (quickly open and close) the Purge Valve allowing a minimal discharge of media from the Clear Purge Hose. Be certain to direct the discharge to a safe area. Placement of the hose in a cardboard box covered with a blanket is strongly recommended.
- - If a purge fails to restore flow, stop all work and close the Throttle Valve fully. You can then depress the Nozzle Discharge Lever several times which will discharge a quantity of media under tank pressure clearing the clumping.
- - It is strongly advisable to drain all unused media when completing work as any moisture present in the tank will drain to the bottom of the tank and can create a solid “cake” with the media. Should this occur, it will require complete disassembly of the apparatus at the bottom of the tank for cleaning.
- - If results become erratic or undesirable, remember that there are many variables affecting the flow such as media formulation, hardness of coating, air volume, air pressure and atmospheric conditions, this process requires a bit of “trial and error” by experimenting with distance, angle and throttle position. By adjusting Throttle Valve (Fig. 1) position between 1⁄2 and full open and varying the distance of the nozzle to work surface along with the angle, optimal performance can quickly be restored. Refer to steps 8 through 11 in the Operation section for more information.
Work Area Prep and Cleanup
- Soda Blasting generates a considerable amount of fine bicarbonate of soda dust. If working outdoors, be aware of wind direction, open windows, vegetation, vehicles pets, people and property. It may be helpful to place a fine mist, garden hose lawn sprinkler downwind of the blasting site to suppress dust generation.
- - It is best to cover the work area under and surrounding the vehicle or object to be stripped with a 3 mil or thicker plastic sheet material to assist in cleanup. You may also wish to tape up window seals and other areas to keep unwanted dust out of a vehicle.
- - Bicarbonate of Soda itself is virtually harmless to the environment however, in higher concentrations; it may cause browning of vegetation. Care should be taken to avoid depositing excess soda on plant life.
- - When, finished, the plastic sheeting with the used soda media can be rolled up and disposed of, reducing sweep up time. The remainder should be swept up and disposed of. Any remaining soda residue is water soluble and can be hosed away. Important Note: Although the Bicarbonate of Soda blasting media itself is safe in most situations, appropriate care should be taken when using or disposing as any removed paint or coating can contain some levels of hazardous materials such as lead, zinc chromate, etc.
- - The use of a fine water misting device such as Eastwood’s #21502 Wet Sand Sprayer directed at the deflected material while blasting greatly reduces the resulting dust cloud.
- - Soda Blasting leaves behind a thin protective film which, if left untouched, will prevent surface rust from forming on bare steel surfaces for up 6 weeks or even longer if stored in a dry, protected area. This film must be removed before painting by wiping down with water dampened Microfiber cloths or suitable lint-free towels. It is best to soak the cloth, wring out excess water, wipe off soda residue, rinse often and immediately follow up with a dry lint-free towel.
- - Any soda media left in body seems or crevices can be removed with a small shop vacuum and a fine tipped blow gun. Be sure to wipe surrounding areas as described above.
- - To prevent flash rust or oxidation from appearing on metal surfaces after water wipe down but before painting, treat surfaces with Eastwood Fast-Etch, #19416Z.
- - Soda Blasting Protection Kit #50097 (Includes Dust Mask, Gloves, Head Sock and Face Shield). Important Note: this Kit is suitable for soda dust protection. Additional protection may be required against hazardous materials present in coatings being removed such as lead, zinc chromate, etc.
- - Eastwood Blast Media Screen Sifter #22022.
- - Considerable noise is generated during the blasting process. Suitable earphones or other hearing protection is strongly recommended.
- - Microfiber Cloths (3 pack), #52210. High quality lint free cloths great for wiping down stripped surfaces prior to painting.
- - Eastwood Fast-Etch™ Surface Rust Remover #19416Z and Metal Prep, #19416Z.
- - A garden hose and water supply.
- - Eastwood Wet Sand Sprayer #21502. Attach to work surface in area being blasted to assist in dust containment.
- - Teflon® thread sealing tape available at any home or automotive supply store.
- - A roll or several packages of 3 mil, or thicker, plastic sheet material for used media containment, vegetation protection and vehicle dust sealing.
Air Supply and Media Consumption
This data is approximate and is presented for comparison use. Due to the many variables such as; compressor capacity, air line size, grade of media used, coating thickness and hardness, individual results will vary.
|Nozzle Size||CFM @ |
|3/32” ||7 ||45 lbs/hr|| 200 sq. in./hr|
|1/8” ||15 ||70 lbs/hr || 325 sq. in./hr|
|5/32” ||25 ||100 lbs/hr ||390 sq. in./hr|
|3/16” ||40 ||160 lbs/hr ||440 sq. in./hr|
|1/4” ||80 ||320 lbs/hr ||560 sq. in./hr|
|5/16” ||125 ||650 lbs/hr ||900 sq. in./hr|
To Convert The Eastwood Soda Blaster For Abrasive Blasting
This Conversion should only be performed by those with a good working knowledge of pneumatic fittings. Failure to properly seal or over tightening the NPT fittings can lead to component failure which could result in sudden air pressure release and cause serious injury.
Disassembly For Conversion
- 1. Be sure to release all pressure and completely drain all remaining media from Abrasive Blaster if present, before beginning conversion process. The media will flow from the threaded hole on the underside of the tank when the existing fitting assembly is removed.
- 2. Loosen and remove Red Air Hose from the Air Inlet Manifold. Note: this end of the hose has a swivel connection for ease of disassembly.
- 3. Loosen and remove Red Air Hose from angled port in the Abrasive Outlet Manifold.
- 4. Remove Blast Nozzle Hose from Abrasive Outlet Manifold by removing hose clamp and pulling hose free from barbed fitting.
- 5. Loosen and remove entire Abrasive Outlet Manifold and Ball Valve assembly from bottom of tank.
Assembly For Conversion
- 1. Wrap Pipe Sealing Tape on the exposed threads and thread the assembly into the bottom of the tank then tighten with a suitable wrench. (Fig. 2).
- 2. Place a wrap of Pipe Sealing Tape on the male threads and replace Red Air Hose into angled port in the Outlet Manifold.
- 3. Place a wrap of Pipe Sealing Tape on the male threads of the Air Inlet Manifold, then thread the female end of the Red Air Hose onto it.
- 4. Place the Black Blast Nozzle Hose over the Barbed Fitting and tighten with existing hose clamp.
- 5. Your blaster is now completely converted and ready for abrasive media use.