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Eastwood Automotive Finishes
Treat your car to a fresh coat with a high-quality automotive finish from Eastwood. We have formulated a variety of solutions for people who want to give their car a new look or need to put the final touches on bodywork. Whether you're a first-time auto painter or an experienced hand, you can find something that's easy to apply and looks show-worthy.
What are the two types of automotive paint finishes?
Automotive paint is a complicated subject — far more involved than adding a coat to a wall or siding along your home.
In general, automotive paint consists of a pigment that’s dissolved in water or a solvent, allowing it to be sprayed with a paint gun. Yet, as amateurs find out, you shouldn’t ever paint bare metal, so a primer to prep the surface is essential, as is the clear coat at the end.
Auto paint can be divided into two basic types:
Acrylic Lacquer: This is the original, used to paint automobiles as far back as the 1920s. Not used as frequently but far from obsolescent, acrylic lacquer is what you want to use as you’re restoring an antique car, to be true to its original production. It offers a greater degree of shine, but for modern-day vehicles, it doesn’t provide the day-to-day protection your vehicle needs from UV rays and bird droppings.
To use, acrylic lacquer needs to be mixed with paint thinner. The paint thinner, however, evaporates after application, but keeps the paint’s pigment on the metal surface. With a paint gun, the substance comes out as a finer mist, requiring multiple layers to achieve a substantial coating. As classic car enthusiasts know, you’ll need to buff the finish to maintain its shine.
Pearlescent and Metallic Paint: Vehicles from the 1990s to the present tend to use these paint types, although they were introduced as far back as the ‘70s. These paints feature flakes, usually aluminum or mica, in a solid base pigment that create a multicolored appearance. While modern, these auto paints pose a few challenges in application, and instead of targeting an area, you may want to sand and paint a full body panel to eliminate potential lines.
Aside from these two general types, automotive paint includes the following solutions:
Waterborne: Growing in popularity, these auto paints have a lower percentage of solvent and use more water, offering an environmentally friendly alternative.
Solvent: Solvent solutions are more common, utilizing lacquer, urethane or enamel to dissolve the pigment.
These types will be used for solid, metallic, pearlescent, and matte auto paints. For custom jobs, learn more about mixing auto paint.
For the full job, you’ll also need to have:
Primer: This is what some call the undercoat. No matter the name you want to use, primer prepares the vehicle’s metal surface to accept and hold onto the paint. Without it, the paint won’t bond and you’ll eventually experience adhesion issues, like cracks, flaking, chips and rusting due to oxidation. As a tip, because primer can add a textured look, sand between coats to create a smooth appearance.
Base Coat: This is what gives the car its color. However, if left exposed, it starts to show wear relatively quickly, especially moisture-related damage like rust.
Clear Coat: Also called finish or lacquer, clear coat has no pigment and, instead, protects the base coat against moisture, UV exposure, and general wear and tear. Typically, clear coats are made of urethane or polyurethane, resulting in a glossy appearance after application.
Along with auto paint, here’s what you’ll need to paint a car.
Do you need to prime a car before painting?
The short answer is, almost always. Primer is essential for avoiding adhesion and rusting issues down the road, especially if you’ll be painting on bare metal. Ultimately, primer acts as a bonding agent.
Yet, it’s not always a must use. Some say to avoid primer if you’ll just be sanding the paint down slightly. As well, if you’ll be painting on plastic — for instance, your car’s bumper — there’s no need to apply primer before the base coat.
Primer, as a note, can create a ridged or bumpy appearance. To avoid this, wait for each coat to dry, and then sand the surface with fine-grain sandpaper before applying the next coat. You’ll want to do this until you’re ready to apply the base coat.
How to get the best shine on your car?“Shine” begins with the car’s paint and extends to the detailing and care.
To start, aspects like paint quality and surface contamination decrease the shine. Unfortunately, the more you drive around, and the more your car is exposed to moisture, UV rays, bird droppings, road tar and bugs, the less shine it ends up having. As you maintain your car, you can use clay to remove some of the contaminants.
As a second factor, polishing is key for reducing the appearance of scratches, small pits, swirl areas and other superficial blemishes. To maintain the appearance, you can use a scratch remover or polish on the surface.
The sealant also contributes to the shine, protecting the paint against the elements. No matter the formula, you’ll want to apply it by hand with a microfiber cloth to the surface.
As the final step, waxing is essential not just for protection and helping the paint last but also for maintaining the vehicle’s shine. Some auto enthusiasts prefer a carnauba formula, but at a minimum, wax the car seasonally to help preserve its glossy appearance.